Your Updated Lab Tests Costs


We are supplying Point-of Care Rapid test, small, portable PCR equipment (similar to Gene X-pert) and reagents for STI, TB, HPV type 16,18,& 45, influenzae A & B and many more..

It cost less than K10,000. Contact us at;

Welcome to Niugini Medical Services Welcome to Niugini Med-Lab Services website. Specialist Clinician & Pathologist-owned & operated Private Medical Laboratory in Port Moresby city, Papua New Guinea. Please visit us at Sect 83, Allot 11, Leander Street, Manu AutoPort (directly opposite Manu Cash & Carry Supermarket Shop, few meters from POM Grammar/Vadavada Roundabout, Thank you.

Cervix Cancer Screen-Human Papilloma Virus Test


Question 1. What is HPV?

HPV stands for Human Papilloma virus which comprises of over 150 closely related virus types indicated by numerical numbers e.g., HPV type 16, 18, and 45 that cause cervix cancer.  Other HPV-related cancers include cancers of vulva, labia, mouth, throat, voice box and tongue. Other HPV types cause benign forms of disease as simple or common skin warts.

Question 2. How does HPV cause cervix cancer?

Certain types of HPV cause cancer when they remain in the body for many years.  They cause mutation or induce change in genes (DNA) of normal cells so that they multiply and behave or function abnormally which is how cancer cells growth.

Question 3. How is it spread?

HPV is easily spread through direct skin-to-skin contact and sexual activity. Luckily, many of us are able to get rid of them even if they are high-risk types and have no concern for transmission. However, few are not so lucky for various reasons, and the virus can cause cancer if the person harbors the virus for longer period say over 10-20 years.

Question 4. What is the basis of HPV Screen?

HPV type 16 & 18 causes majority (85-95%) of cervix cancer. Traditionally pap smear is done to look for signs of cancer in the cervix. Cancer develops slowly over many years after HPV infection has occurred. Therefore, by testing HPV infection,  we identify individuals who carry the virus and are at risk of developing cervix cancer. By doing this, we can tag these women and follow them up agressively by regular HPV testing and Pap smear to pick up cervix cancer early while those with negative test can be reassured that they are not at greater risk. Doing pap smear is time-consuming, often seen as embarrassing procedure and not accepted easily by patients. If positive HPV patients is identified, they will have pap smear and arranged for regular follow-up to pick up early cancer. By having regular HPV test checks, cancer can be picked up early and treated before it spreads and kills the patient.

Question 5. Can HPV affect man?

Yes. HPV causes many types of lesions on skin including prepuce of penis, and oropharyngeal mucosa surfaces. It is linked to oral cancers, cancers of upper airway and voice box. Hence, males can get HPV-related diseases including cancers.

Question 6. How is HPV test done?

HPV is tested on swab taken from cervix or vagina or skin lesions for testing. PCR Test for HPV DNA is recommended test for HPV screen. It has over 95% sensitivity and specificity. Other tests, available including antigen tests using rapid card test kits. Rapid card test is less well established or popular, and information on sensitivity and specificity aren't unified.

Question 7. I have positive HPV test. Do I have cancer?

Positive HPV tests only means that you are harboring the virus. All positive females will need pap smear test done to see if they have developed any cancer or early signs of cancer in the cervix. If nothing is found, she will continue to test for HPV every 2 years until it is cleared or to identify early signs of cervix cancer via pap smear tests. 

The good news is that for majority of people, HPV will be cleared, and even positive test can turn negative during follow-up. The good news is that, majority of females below the age of 30 will turn negative during follow-up of a positive HPV result.  Only few will remain positive and these are the ones at risk of developing cervix cancer in the long term. 

Therefore, HPV testing should only commence after 40 years to prevent unnecessary anxiety and reduce cost and inconvenience of follow-up testing of people younger than 40 who would naturally turn negative with time. 

Question 8. I have negative test. Am I free of cancer?

Negative HPV test is good news as it implies that you are not at higher risk of cervix cancer compared with someone who is positive. However, a small per cent (5-10%) of cervix cancer is not related to HPV infection. Therefore, although HPV negative women are at low risk, if you have family history or have symptoms, you should still have regular follow-up & pap smear done to exclude HPV negative cervix cancers.

Question 9. Is there any false positive or false negative result?

Yes. There are many reasons you could have false positive and false negative results. It is recommended that you repeat the test preferable in another lab or using another kit if you are in doubt. However, this is less common with the availability of quality test kits and equipment nowadays.

Question 10. How often can I have HPV Test?

It is recommended that women should have HPV testing done after 40 years every two years or yearly if, they are already positive for HPV type 16, 18 and 45.

Qiestion 11. Which is better? Pap smear or HPV screen?

Overall, HPV testing is more convenient, less costly and acceptable by patients compared to pap smear. Further more, HPV testing will pick up many cases of at-risk patients and patients with cervix cancer than pap smear. In other words, HPVDNA testing is highly specific and sensitive and when negative it means in many cases, you don't have cancer and are not at risk of future cancer. 

However, pap smear is still important procedure to perform when a patient is positive to see if she has cancer or pre-cancerous lesions. pap smear can also pick up non-HPV related cancer or genital lesions that cannot be diagnosed by HPV testing alone such as cervicitis, candida infectio or other sexually transmitted diseases. 

Question 12. Which is better? Genetic or antigen test for HPV?

At this stage, genetic testing is better and recommended although antigen testing is cheaper and convenient to do as it utilizes rapid card test technique compared to genetic HPV testing that uses expensive PCR equipment not easily accessible to communities of developing world and rural areas.

Question 13. What is the cost of HPV test?

HPV testing isn't widely available in PNG. Recently, Mt Hagen Base hospital through NGO funding has started the HPV DNA testing program for women living in the highlands.  Our clinic has introduced rapid antigen test as well as PCR test for HPV in Port Moresby. You will be given cotton swab to collect sample at home and bringing it to the clinic for testing. Results are available immediately. If positive rapid antigen test, we will refer you for a pap smear or HPV PCR DNA confirmation testing. If negative and you have no other complaints like vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, pain on sex, etc, we recommend repeat HPV testing every two years.

Question 14. How long will my result be available?

Results of HPV DNA testing is available same day in our clinic. Results of Rapid test kit test is usually available within 3o minutes.